Society of Tribal Women for Development

 

 

 

 

 

 

Annual Report

(2009-2010)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

F-51, Adarsh Enclave, Aya Nagar Extension,Phase VI, New  Delhi-47 Telefax: 011 26503026 Website: www.stwfd.org Email   : Society@stwfd.org and stwfd_secretary@yahoo.co.in

 

 

Content

Para No

 

Particular

 

Page Number

I

Our Strategies

From TO

II

 

Awareness Generation

   

III

Workshop

   

IV

 

 Rescue cum Rehabilitation & Training Centre (RRTC)

   

V

Leadership Building

   

VI

Research Study, Ministry of Tribal Affairs

Conclusion and Main Findings

   

VII

Research Study, Planning Commission

Conclusion and Main Findings

   

VIII

Promotion of Tribal Sports

   

IX

Celebration of indigenous day

   

X

Celebration of various tribal festival

   

XI

Financial support to old people

   

XII

Shifting of Office from Dwarka to Aya Nagar    

XIII

dministrative Matters (Income Tax FCRA)

   

XV

Rescue Cum Rehabilitation and Training Center (RRTC)    

XVI

Celebration of Karam Festival, 2009:

   

Our Strategies

 

I. Partners:

 

q       Ministry of Tribal Affairs, Government of India, New Delhi

q       Planning Commission, Government of India, New Delhi

q       United Nations, Department of Social Affairs, New York

q       MAMA CASH, Netherlands

 

The Tribal community is not organized and quite vulnerable. Organizing them is the basic and prime activity of the organization and to empower the Tribal women. To empower the tribal women is the prime demand as well as of the society. So the concept of extending technical support is at most needed especially empowering the tribal women is the need of the hour and sensitization in various aspects are the appropriate tool to organize them. Its organizing and nurturing process is also lead to empower them. So the organization initiated to generate comprehensive awareness among them and started giving skills up gradation training.  

 

II. Awareness Generation

 

 During the period under report 8 Small Group Discussion held and discuss the various issues of the tribal women migrant in NCR of Delhi and in the states of Jharkhand and Chhatisgarh. The following issues were discussed are as under;

 

    

 

Workshop

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In addition to the small group discussion 4 separate workshops were held in New Delhi on 8th September, 9th September, 10th September and 11th September 2009 in which various experts participated and extended their expertise. Main themes of the workshops were the following:

   

     v     Integration among the different tribes residing in NCR of Delhi

v     Promotion, protection of tribal rich culture and language

v     HIV/AIDS- awareness generation

v     Creating awareness of available welfare and development programmes of the Government of India for Tribal women.

 

 

IV.    Rescue cum Rehabilitation & Training Centre (RRTC)

Rescue cum Rehabilitation & Training Centre has been set up and inaugurated at Ayanagar, New Delhi in December, 2009. To provide timely help  to single tribal women. It was also revealed  that they are rape  and  in distress no one come to their rescue and help. It is therefore  we are in the firm opinion that they need to be provided with  certain vocational guidance and career counseling for their sustainable development, teach them basic English language, Numerical, Baby Sitting, Old age careering, Cooking and cleaning   and train them for self employment and technical training such as driving etc  to enable them  to live life with full of confidence  and dignity. 

 

 

 

V. Leadership Building

 

2 Leadership building training programme were organized each in the states of Chhatisgarh and Jharkhand in pilot basis   and lesson learnt are going to be replicated in the coming years of 2010-11. A series of leadership training programme would be organized if the possible financial supports received from the donor agency i.e. mama cash, Netherlands

 

VI.  Research Study

 

I. Ministry of Tribal Affairs

 

Ministry of Tribal Affairs has sponsored research study to the organization on the title “Tribal Women Deprivation and Exploitation- Exodus from tribal areas of Chhatisgarh and Jharkhand for new and upcoming opportunities- an in-depth study” Study undertaken by the organization in desired manner and completed in time. Draft report of the Study has been submitted to the Ministry and waiting for their approval. The main conclusion and findings of the research study   are given below:

 

Recommendations

 

i.      The average monthly income of migrant tribal women and girls is observed to be very low this is because of the fact that large numbers of them are employed as domestic servants where minimum wages Act is not applicable. It is therefore, suggested that Minimum Wage Act be made applicable to all kinds of domestic worker. And the employer should strictly implement the provision of this Act to reduce the financial exploitation & deprivation of migrant tribal women and girls.

ii.      Effective measures to improve the lots, of tribal women, besides those already included under education, health & nutrition and economic development through:

 

·   Promoting leadership role among tribal women in all the aspects 

·   Issue of joint pattas to both husband & wife in the village

·   Protecting the rights of tribal women in customary laws regarding share in   

           property

·   Training to tribal women to occupy elected post of Panchayati Raj    

    Institutions

·   Ensuring 1/3 reserved seats are filled up by tribal women in PRIs in tribal       

   areas

·   Legal & administrative measures to check the practice of victimizing   

   women suspected of witchcraft,

·   Massive campaign for social awareness by women organization need to be  

   done

·   Effective legal & rehabilitative measures to check sexual exploitation

    specially at work place,

·   Ensure population proportionate percentage of benefits flow to tribal women from the Ministries/ Departments such as Ministry of Women and Child Development, Education, Health & Family Welfare, Rural Development & Labour etc. and

·   Ministry of Tribal Affairs should launch and initiate a programme to deal with the tribal women migrants and set up “Rescue- Cum- Rehabilitation & Training Centre (RRTC) in cities and towns where these women migrate.

 

iii.      A major shift in the approach is required to envisage advancement of tribal women through a process of ‘empowerment’ wherein efforts should be made to create a enabling environment conducive for them to exercise their rights freely, enjoy their privileges and be able to lead a life of self confidence and dignity along with the other citizens of the country as well as in NCR of Delhi.

 

iv.      The approach towards empowering tribal women should be holistic in nature so as to accomplish all round development of these weaker groups with an inter sect oral approach and inputs from both the Governmental and the non- Governmental Agencies. Efforts should be made continuously to extend all assistance to these   migrated women and who are in the verse of migration by ensuring speedy socio economic development capacity development and moral boost up. There is a need to remove disparities in the village and new places of work and by eliminating all kinds of exploitation, suppression and deprivation. Thus the tribal women will not only be protected, but will be ensured that the developmental benefits are reaching the un-reached, bringing about equitable distribution and growth with social justice.

 

v.      Programme should be initiated to fill the critical gaps in providing the basic minimum service to those living below the poverty line in the tribal areas. These special efforts are expected to ensure that every habitation with concentration of tribal population (women) in the villages of sample districts of Chhatisgarh and Jharkhand should have access of potable drinking water, nutrition supplement with macro and micro nutrients, primary health care, educational infrastructure and job oriented training programme.

 

vi.      Opportunities need to be given to the tribal women to participate not only in formulating the need based programmes but also in their effective implementation, suitable mechanism needs to be build up for supervision and monitoring the process of migration so as to prevent them from migration. This will not only go a long way in empowering these tribal women/ girls who migrates to various towns and cities in search of jobs but will also ensure that the implementation of various women developmental programmes is carried out in the true sense of co-operative federalism.

 

vii.      The vital ongoing programmes for the advancement of these socially disadvantaged groups (poor tribal women) should be streamlined, strengthened and enriched to accomplish task of bringing these women on par with rest of the women. Simultaneously, new measures like opening a new areas for job creation in the tribal areas, more job oriented training centers be open in the tribal area for women, Vocational oriented/career guidance education should be given more emphasis in the tribal area specially in the sample districts, all the women educational institutions should have vocational courses, value addition enterprises should be open in view of the minor forest produce and tribal women specifically be involved in such enterprises. Wherever it is necessary effective efforts should be initiated to accelerate the process of empowering these tribal women in the village. This should be attempted in an integrated manner, essentially encompassing the four vital and inter related components viz; Social Empowerment, Economic Empowerment, Social Justice and Protection from all short of deprivation and exploitation.

 

viii.      There is a need to have a National Policy to stop migration of tribal women or alternatively their domestic servant job be recognized under the National Classification of Occupation (NCO) for job security and minimum wage to be ensured. The contributive funds like CPF should also be imposed on the employers who are working as maidservant. To this effect, co-ordinate efforts should be made to converge all the Governments of India programmes for the benefit of the tribal women. Nodal Ministry of Tribal Affairs should enter into the discussion with Ministries of women and child development, Human Resource development and Labour Employment etc, Accordingly, efforts should also be made to formulate comprehensive policy and guidelines with a special focus on the tribal women’s education and immediately steps should be taken up for rehabilitating the tribal women who are in distress in metropolitan cities like Delhi and NCR of Delhi. In this context, tribal women groups who are working in the NCR of Delhi with these migrants should be supported financially under the Grant-in- aid Programme of the Ministry of Tribal Affairs.

 

ix   Both Ministry of Tribal Affairs and Department of Women and Child Development should put joint efforts to manage the migration problems and similar efforts also be made in the Sates of Chhatisgarh and Jharkhand.

 

a.                 Ministry of Tribal Affairs in consultation with Ministry of Women and Child Development should initiate special efforts through various training programmes to upgrade their skills, traditional knowledge, English speaking courses and equip them with modern technology so as to upgrade their skills and put them in dignified jobs in NCR of Delhi.

 

b.                  Special thrust should be given on employment and income generations programme with an ultimate objective for making these tribal women economically independent and self reliant and thus raise them above the acceptable level in the society. In this context, National scheduled Tribe Finance and development Corporation, TRIFED and also State level Corporations need to be sensitized for economic empowerment of the tribal women. Right-based share should be given by these institutions to the tribal women to reduce the ill effects of the migration at the state and also at the centre.

 

c.                  Central Social Welfare Board and State Social Welfare Board should also be asked to play a catalytic role in promoting employment – cum- income generating activities, raising the level of health, nutrition and education of tribal women through voluntary efforts at NCR of Delhi and villages respectively and provide all the backward and forward linkages in their efforts specially for those tribal women who have already migrated & who are at the verge of migration.

 

x.  To enforce special legislative measures to ensure payment of minimum wages and equal wages, protect them from the physical and sexual exploitation, stop gender discrimination in the informal and unorganized sector such as maid for the domestic work. Private and the Corporate Sectors should also be motivated to invest on the welfare and development of these migrants (tribal women) as they form a potential force of the Country’s human resources.

1)      Every landless tribal family should be provided with a piece of land; in this      context new Legislation for Conferring the forest rights to the tribal who live in and around the forest should be implemented effectively, its rules and regulation should be translated in Hindi and other local dialects to enable the tribal to claim the benefits. At the same time PESA Act 1996 should also be implemented effectively. According to the PESA, election should be conducted in Jharkhand.

2)     Involvement of NGOs in the promotion of small and lift irrigation projects, especially in the drought prone, dry and hilly areas to ensure food security in the tribal village so as to arrest the unemployment problems among the tribal women. Special funds in the line of Special Central Assistance be provided to tribal NGOs for development of Minor irrigation facilities in the tribal areas and for repairing all rural infrastructures created so far. Voluntary Organization should act as a catalyst and bridge the development gap between tribal women and rest of the women.  Non Governmental Organization (NGO) in NCR of Delhi who are really committed and dedicated for tribal women empowerment should be financially supported to take up development programme. Tribal women organizations should be identified and financially supported who are interested to take these burning problems of tribal women migration by relaxing the eligibility criteria under grant in aid programme of the Ministry.

3)      Sensitization is required in all the Financial Institutions to pay special attention to these priority groups and extend loans on differential rates of interest so that they can choose and set up self employment venture rather to migrate for searching maid servant jobs in the metros.

4)      There is a need to recognize the importance of the tribal women in the area of collection of Minor Forest Produce (MFP) and Forward and Backward linkages should be provided to arrest the rampant migration of the tribal women. In this direction the National ST Finance Development Corporations (NSTFDC) should be strengthened to play a leading and a catalytic role in promoting employment-cum-income generation opportunities especially for the tribal women who have migrated and those who are in the village and at the verge of migration.

 

xi.  The adoption and implementation of the New Economic Policies warrant watchful and protective attention towards this segment of population (tribal women migrants) so that the commitment to bring about comprehensive improvement in their living conditions does not get diluted and more importantly they are neither displaced nor marginalized and compelled for migration.

                         I.      The entire ongoing programme need to be implemented effectively to inculcate a positive attitude towards these disadvantages and neglected tribal women. In addition to ongoing programmes of socio- economic development, Special Economic Development Package (SEDP) should be provided in the tribal areas to arrest the mindless migration of tribal single women/girls.  The youth and women amongst these tribal groups should be given special attention as they are the most important and potential and productive ‘human resource’, by setting up small scale and cottage industries, village crafts, weaving and other occupations/enterprises with effective market linkages.

                       II.        In order to provide the much needed boost to the tribal peoples of Chhatisgarh and Jharkhand to their economy, the existing supporting mechanism of TRIFED and related Government agencies should be merged and upgraded in to Apex body at the National level as different National bodies doing different areas of work for the same target groups and are unable to provide desired support therefore; existing State level Corporations and various agencies set up by the different Ministries/ Department should jointly act and support  to the Apex body need to be created. By merging of all the National level apex body to be created in the line of NABARD for economic empowerment of tribal.

                    III.       Measures should be initiated to ensure effective implementation of all on going programmes earmarking and utilization of funds under special strategy i.e. Tribal Sub Plan (TSP) both at Center and State levels, and special central assistance specifically be provided for the welfare and development of tribal women who are at the verge of migration. Special efforts should be made to impress upon those Ministries/ Departments, who are not earmarking TSP and women component of funds for the women development. Lets Ministry of Tribal Affair impress up on the other Ministries/ Department for the same. This strategy is expected to prevent and control & ensure that tribal women will find job there itself in their village. While a close vigil, in close collaboration with all the concerned, should be kept in various levels for effective monitoring and utilization of special funds. On going   various programmes is also need to be reviewed by the central team to this effect; efforts should be made to install an effective monitoring mechanism with adequate manpower at various levels starting from the centre to the block levels.

                    IV.       Awareness generation, attentiveness and sensitization programmes are necessary for these women. Special efforts should be made to put this three-pronged approach into action. The first being awareness generation, efforts should be made to change the mindset and attitudes of the people towards these women as the same is very crucial in creating an enabling environment for empowering tribal women who are struggling for a job. To this effect, awareness generation programmes, should be taken up on a continuous basis all over the state and districts and where from the tribal women are migrating, especially in rural areas involving effectively both governmental and non- governmental organizations and the media towards erasing the long standing social and gender issues and thus create the feeling of all being equal.  The second being, attentiveness the target groups, simultaneous efforts should be made to make the target groups conscious of their own rights, privileges and the governmental support available for them besides making them realize their own potentials to be self confident and self reliant. The third being, sensitizing both officials and non- officials, special training programmes should be undertaken from working in the tribal areas so that they can work with right perspectives in meeting and handling the special needs and problems of these migratory lots and also become pro poor to extend social justice to tribal.time to time to sensitize all those

                      V.       Ensure Improved Quality of Life by promoting livelihood, literacy, health and moral values among the tribal women by initiating training in different emerging occupations, value based education, vocational education and ensuring prompt health delivery system. 

 

 

Policy and planning focus Recommendations

·        Planning at the local Panchayat level should be gender-sensitive and should have gender/sex-segregated information to support for local development efforts.

·        There is a need to review of the land right policies and implementation of land distribution for gender equity and women's land rights.

·        All the protective measures need to be implemented effectively and enforcement of IPC and the other two special Legislation viz; PCR Act, 1955 & SC and ST (Prevention of Atrocities) Act 1989.It should also be ensure that PESA and Forest Rights Act implemented effectively.

·        NGOs have an important role in promoting empowerment of tribal women. However, while funding to NGO for tribal women empowerment; (i) Rigorous screening of NGOs working in tribal areas to ensure that those with good track records, experience aptitude and commitment should be selected.

·        NGO run and headed by tribals and more specifically by tribal women themselves be promoted to undertake developmental work in the tribal areas for the benefits of tribal women.

·        Formulate a National policy to stop migration of single tribal women.

Programme focus. 

·        Develop programmes to train Panchayat leaders in gender-            integrative participatory approaches for local planning.

·        Develop economic and political literacy programmes for rural tribal women to utilize development inputs effectively.

·         Provide technology training and input support to women to take advantage of    emerging high-value agribusiness sector including biotechnology and forest products.

·         In addition to socio economic programme Ministry of Tribal Affairs should also provide funds for improving the health and nutrition level of tribal women. This should be focused on primary health care and the Government should create opportunities for private sector involvement in secondary and tertiary health care.

·         Accurate and timely information need to be given to tribal women of all the development plan and policy implemented through different Departments at the district level. Tribal Women should be empowered through different workshops/ `Conferences and Small Group Discussions to have courage to oppose all kind of exploitation that should be involved in decision making at local level especially for their education and occupational skills up gradation.

·          All the Companies, Mining Industries, Contractor who are exploiting the natural resources in the tribal area involving tribal women worker should be asked to first take responsibility for ensuring the physical, emotional and sexual exploitation on tribal women should not happened.  Government should stop colluding with mafia, political and other stakeholders in suppressing tribal women’s struggles and rights.  All the stakeholders   in the tribal area where tribal women are involved should ensure livelihood and economic enhancement for tribal women in the area not just through model income generating schemes but in a more universal manner like in their traditional economies. Our government should provide a sensitive gender policy for the benefits of tribal women and ensure proper implementation of laws and policies related to tribal women’s rights and livelihoods. Our governments can provide a situation of enhanced economic and social status for the tribal women where activities can be proved to be a more desirable and viable option for them.

II. Planning Commission, Government of India

Planning Commission, Government of India has sponsored research study to the organization on the title “Impact of   Bottom up planning under PRIs and Women Participation therein in the state of Jharkhand, Chhatisgarh, MadhyaPradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra and Orissa”.   Research undertaken in desired manner and final report submitted to the Planning Commission. The main conclusion and recommendations are as under;

 

Conclusion & Major Recommendations

          The socio-political changes expected by the introduction of Panchayati Raj system remained largely unfulfilled for long. Particularly the objectives like social equality, gender equity and the change at grass-root level leadership envisaged as the main among the objectives of Panchayati Raj were not fulfilled in a meaningful manner. In this regard it was felt that the marginalized groups like the women in general and Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes women in particular continued to face many hurdles and found it difficult to participate at the grass-root level developmental and decision-making process.  In this study we have reviewed the Impact of bottom up planning under PRIs and Women Participation therein.

 

A. Panchayat specific:

 

          The situation in the Six States presents a diverse picture in terms of the functioning and performance of Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs). Variance in view and suggestions were given at the time of data collection however, some of the characteristics and issues, which emerged from the analysis, are quite similar in nature and in such cases few recommendations common to all the six States are made. The essential feature of PRIs in State is their dependence on bureaucracy.   owever

Though individual cases differ, there are certain general features in all the Six States, which emerge from the study.

·        A three-tier PRI system in all the six States consists of gram panchayat, panchayat samiti and zilla parishad. Out of 29 subjects in eleventh schedule, nearly 8-10 subjects are partially transferred to panchayats in almost all the selected states of study.  Main subjects transfer are: agriculture and rural husbandry, health, sanitation, drinking water public works, creating and maintenance of community assets, family welfare, local markets, fisheries, road development public distribution and electricity. Broadly, observed that States have prepared some kind of activity mapping, demarcating the functions of the three tiers of PRIs based on the subsidiary principle. Though steps are initiated for transferring activities in the field of education, small-scale industries, farm forestry, social welfare, health and sanitation, however, its implementation are delayed. PRIs receive funds mainly from government. On the other hand, the total fund available with them has consistently been increasing, as utilization of funds by PRIs, by and large, is quite low.  As the unspent balance can be carried forward to the next year its percentage to the total available fund is much higher.

·        The field study reveals that the high level of under utilization of funds by PRIs is mainly due to the delay in receiving technical approvals of projects. However, according to the respondents of the survey, this delay is mainly due to the shortage of technical staff, which is also a major constraint in executing PRI projects.

·         The elected representatives of PRIs have not yet been provided adequate training and orientation in handling development projects.  Bottom up planning is really not visible as the elected PRI member lack of awareness and technical knowledge. In view of this, it may be appropriate to assign the following work to panchayats, which can be more effectively   attended at the present level of capacity of the panchayats.

·         The findings of this study clearly point out that for bringing about improvement in implementation of social sector schemes or for that matter all development programmes, simultaneous action on two fronts is required. First, the delivery systems need streamlining so as to make them more responsive to the people and enthuse them with a missionary zeal. Second, the PRIs need to be more intimately involved in planning, implementation and monitoring of development programmes. Building appropriate capabilities of PRI members in planning and financial management is of utmost importance. Both the delivery systems and PRIs should be sensitized to needs and aspirations of vulnerable sections of the poor, women and children. Bringing transparency in working and dissemination of information are the other issues, which should be focused on.

Ø             Wage-Employment ; Programmes under rural development programme

Ø            Creation of community assets.

Ø            Site selection; In many cases, there was wrong selection of site for undertaking development work. There is a need to establish better coordination between officials of various departments at district and block level.

Ø            Welfare Schemes: Panchayats should be fully involved in planning and implementation of family welfare and development programmes and selection of beneficiaries in letter and spirit. Panchayats should also ensure regular payments of pension to beneficiaries through post office accounts. It was found that almost 70 per cent of the sample beneficiaries had been enjoying benefits of two or more schemes simultaneously while there was many households, below poverty line, which had not been sanctioned any of the schemes.

Ø            Primary Education

Ø            Primary Health Care: In all the Primary Health Centers shortage of medicine and absence of maternity care were reported. Absence of Doctors was also noticed. Panchayats should be asked to deal with the following activities specifically;

Ø            Delivery system needs streamlining to make them more responsive to the people.

Ø            PRIs need to be intimately involved in planning, implementation, and monitoring of development programmes.

Ø            Both the delivery systems and PRIs should be sensitized towards the needs and aspirations of vulnerable sections of the poor, women and children.

Ø            Need to make officials sensitive to participatory approach.

Ø            Dissemination of information is necessary to remove communication gaps so that selection of beneficiary is done as per needs.

Ø            Convergence of Services: To speed-up the processing, and minimize the time for allotting schemes, there is a need for coordination among the departments concerned particularly in respect of flow of funds from various departments.

 

Ø            Monitoring & Evaluation: Panchayat has to monitor and evaluate the ongoing schemes for periodic improvements. A system of participatory monitoring and evaluation should be evolved in which beneficiaries, Yuvak Mandals, NGOs, Mahila Mandals and Civil Society should send direct feed back to concerned officials for follow-up corrective action.

Ø            Professionalism in Rural Development Administration has to be promoted.

Ø            Capacity Building efforts for Panchayat Office bearers in the areas of Project Planning, Financial Management, etc. have to be provided for better governance by panchayat committee in implementing all 29 subjects identified in the 11th Schedule of the constitution.

Ø            Institution Building: Democratizing the functioning of Gram Sabha by collective participation of women, a weaker section in decision-making is necessary. In order to encourage the stakeholders there is a need to develop indicators of participation, which can eliminate the monopoly of few members who dominate the Gram Sabha.

Ø             Adequate powers are not yet devolved to PRIs to execute projects and programmes. The state level rules and regulations are not suitably amended to enable further devolution while effective transfer of functionaries requires finalization of service rules for the panchayat for which actions are to be taken by Ministry of Panchayati Raj both by the Centre and States.  Adequate funds are not made available to gram panchayat as funds allotted to them are just for basic maintenance of the office. The infrastructure available to gram panchayat is quite poor.  Moreover, the own sources of revenue of the gram panchayat are not mobilized.  Therefore all States may prioritize their devolution programme in a time bound manner.

Resource Generation:

v     PRIs can be advised to augment their revenue by improving productivity of the existing sources of income and getting additional funds through levy of new taxes by local bodies.

v     Training and capacity building;   A system of regular training and capacity building programme for local; officials, elected is essential to enable them to effectively undertake different Central and Centrally Sponsored schemes at the Gram Panchayat level

v     Transfer of 3Fs: All the 29 subjects mentioned under the eleventh schedule of Constitution should be transferred to PRIs in letter and spirit. In this process all the functions, funds and functionaries (3Fs) need to be transferred to PRIs in a time bound manner.

 

v     Financial Provision: Provisions for adequate budgetary support to PRIs have to be activated.

v     Administrative Control Over Staff: State Government should give administrative control over staff assigned to PRIs. 

v     Separate Cadre of Staff for PRIs: Necessary powers and financial supports may be given to PRIs for the creation of a separate cadre of staff for panchayats.

v     Social Audit: State Government should introduce a system of Social Audit in all the village panchayats to keep a check on the functioning of panchayats and examine the annual statement of accounts. Proper social audit would help in ensuring transparency of the fund spent on each project as well as viability and efficient implementation of projects.  

v     Preparation of projects at village level: State Government should give financial powers to PRIs to use experts available in each village in the identification and preparation of development projects. It is desirable to organize seminars to discuss various aspects of development projects to be implemented before the finalization of plan. The participation of specialists from different sectors, officials and experienced citizens should be ensured. This step is quite essential for grassroots level planning and ensuring effective bottom up planning.

v     Technical Approval: State Government should give more powers to PRIs to strengthen their technical wings to reduce the delay in providing the technical approval of projects.

 

B.    Bottom level Planning

 

    Bottom up approaches to understanding social transformations tend to focus on the realities of powerful institutions and privilege groups at both the central and local levels, and may be blind to the differing realities of disempowered groups. The challenges posed by the representation of women in PRIs are enormous the study examines the political empowerment of SC/ST women through affirmative action in PRIs. While we view their contribution as extremely critical for the study of gender politics, our aim was to draw attention to the fact that the process by which representation at the national, state or local levels evolve is very different. As we enter the twenty-first century, the extent to which socialized norms and traditional family structures impede women’s entrance into politics is diminishing. Hence although women as a group itself can be viewed as a minority, the special conditions surrounding the plight of marginalized women within the larger group makes it imperative to study minority groups within this minority, i.e. women belonging to Scheduled Castes (SC) and Scheduled Tribes. Large chunk of respondents were unaware about the bottom level planning and hence, in practice it was lacking in the study states. Therefore, unless a broad framework for strategic intervention is developed on the following principles, the bottom up planning in real sense will largely remain a dream.

 

a.           The PRIs are to be viewed as institutions of local self-governance, not as mere implementers of centrally determined development programmes. Bottom-up planning, based on micro planning, is to be the basis of self-governance.

b.           The emphasis must be laid on active participation of women and other weaker sections in decision-making with a view to enhancing their role and capacity, status and leadership in local self-governance.

c.            Interventions in strengthening PRIs should focus on building, promoting and empowering new leadership among the rural masses with focus on women, SC/ST and other disadvantaged sections of the population.

d.           The PRIs should be capacitated to access control over natural and human resources as well as other development resources available with the State and the Central Government for various development programmes.

e.     Strengthening PRIs will entail clarifying their roles, systems of governance, accountability, transparency and inter-linkages of central and state level development programmes and available funds to draw maximum benefits by integration this with process of bottom up planning.

 

      To start any development programmes for them and expect benefit from the development efforts, we have to change the policies and mindsets of the Government machinery are required to be people centric. There is still a hope that change is possible through Participatory Action (PA) hence the need to attempt to revitalize peoples’ organizations and villages to become main actors for socio-political, economic and cultural empowerment.  PA should be activated in the Panchayats for bottom up planning all relevant people should be involved actively for examining together the problematic issues of the panchayats. 

   

The steps needs to be taken under PA for panchayat interventions are

summarized as under:

 

q         Undertaking participatory Bench Mark Survey (BMS), collecting data, information and facts,

q         Facilitating the critical analysis of the problems, critical issues by the panchayats,

q       Building people’s organizations: Strengthening the local system, facilitating different committees for youth, elderly people, women, etc.

q       Facilitating the People’s participatory strategic Planning

q       Implementing of the Plan by the panchayats,

q       Facilitating the panchayats for monitoring and evaluation of activities, achievements and assess its outcome.

 

       Thus, based on the findings of the BMS or evaluation, process may be started all over again until the aspired societal situation is reached. Keeping in view the identified problems at the Panchayat level they should prepare the micro planning.  

 

          Therefore, it is suggested that  (i) Governance process should be made accountable (ii) Improve the primary education delivery system (iii) Strengthen rural livelihood (iv) Ensure People driven advocacy  ‘peoples campaigns, Budget Analysis, continuous Dialogue with Members of Legislative Assembly (MLAs) on their role’ etc. then only we can see the model Gram Sabha. Gram Panchayat, which are effectively able to draw, bottom up plans and also devise it proper implementation.

 

 

C.    Women Empowerment:

 

While the developmental gains of women’s participation in the Panchayats are impressive, the empowerment gains are not so impressive. Elected Women Representatives often report on the open discrimination against them in Panchayats: the domination of meetings by male colleagues, the refusal to pay attention to the opinions and suggestions of women members; and the generally dismissive attitude of (male) officials. Nevertheless, small gains were visible; such as the gradual change in the social custom that women sit separately and do not speak in the presence of men are the significant barriers for women participation. Also there is a sense that election brings to the family as a whole an enhanced sense of status, expressed in more social respect and invitations to weddings functions of higher –caste family.

 

 

 

 

o       Over the years there have been efforts made to socially, economically and politically empower women but as a result of the lack of synergy or coordination between these activities, the outcome could never be completely satisfactory. While increasing induction of women representatives into the Panchayati Raj Institutes (PRIs) should have meant automatic improvement in the lives of rural women, but it has not happened in desired manner. It is because the women elected to PRIs were less educated or illiterate or even unaware of their rights. Also there are many groups of women who on account of tradition, culture, ethnic, social or economic background are more vulnerable compared to the women in the mainstream sector. These groups need to be specially focused. It is imperative that an integrated policy and strategy be formulated that should address economic, social, and political empowerment simultaneously and holistically along with the exiting programmes and schemes of PRIs. The strategy for women is confined to three areas - violence against women, economic empowerment and women and child development. There has been no attempt to understand that empowerment of women has to be visualized as a holistic integrated approach and not in a piece meal manner or as water tight compartments. Therefore, much more needs to be done to empower women in local self governments so that they can play a more proactive role in decision making and by their very presence encourage more and more women to come forth and demand their rights. For this capacity building is required through knowledge and education and training in diverse areas pertaining to women- such as laws and rights for women etc.

 

o       There are institutional constraints on the effective participation of women leaders in the Panchayats. Foremost among these is the lack of adequate awareness, capacity building and devolution of requisite powers, which of course affects women and men equally, but is often forgotten when women’s performance is being appraised. In addition, lack of adequate women- centered training programmes need to be initiated.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

D.  State specific recommendations

 

District Planning Committee: State Government should give the full powers and freedom to the District Planning Committee in approving the projects consolidated with district plan.  At present instead of DPC state has the final authority to clear the district plan. Outsourcing of engineering staff:  Preparation of cost estimates and technical sanction by engineers are significant and time-consuming stages of the execution of development projects. There has been severe shortage of technical staff in the state causing undue delay in receiving technical approval for the projects. PRIs should be given powers to outsource engineers to meet the requirement of technical staff. Functions of gram sabha: State Government should make it mandatory for all the development projects to get it approved by gram sabha before its implementation. Adequate financial powers may be given to gram panchayat for utilizing funds for the proper functioning of gram sabhas.  Moreover, adequate powers and responsibilities should be given to gram sabha to examine the functioning of panchayats and their annual statement of accounts. This system of social audit will prevent corruption and enhance transparencies. Representatives of the PRIs in State should be given a reasonable amount of monthly honorarium.

 

E.   Other recommendation and Suggestions:

 

Grassroots democracy: There is a need to bestow greater financial and functional autonomy on Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs) has really to do more with politics than finances. What has hindered any real devolution of powers to the panchayats up till now is not so much any lacuna in the law, but a general lack of political will on the part of parties across the spectrum to as adequately empower and enable these indigenous political institutions and to ensure the 3FFFs are given to PRIs under a time bound programme. Thus, it is obvious that there is need for genuine efforts by political bosses to implement the provisions of PRIs should be ensured to bring about radical social transformation over the long term. Vesting local bodies with real powers and responsibilities and enforcing accountability in these institutions is a more realistic requirement to make local bodies functionally autonomous

 

Harvesting of Grassroots Knowledge: There is something wrong with the way knowledge is generated, accessed, controlled, and used in our societies. A structural flaw in mainstream education and knowledge-building systems is that grassroots expertise and knowledge most often is lacking. Grassroots groups often are already practicing solutions, where others are debating theories. A major obstacle to incorporating grassroots perspectives and know-how in public decision-making lies in the fact that grassroots wisdom which is highly dispersed, and hence enters the channels of public decision-making very rarely.

 

Community Knowledge:  At the time of data collection it was found that the grassroots women in general and SC/ ST in particular groups often explore the knowledge and expertise coming from community traditions. However, their knowledge is ignored in while formulating plan and programmes at grassroots level. Huge money spent on many projects has gone waste because they neglected to consult the people on the ground in order to gather an authentic picture of ground realities.

 

Community Building:          Whether it is called a Mahila Mandal, Self Help Group, Sanhga or Samity. These efforts of women revolve around creating community space for the development of solidarity and joint problem solving. These efforts of women need to be promoted and encouraged at the grassroots democracy (PRI) level. We have to ensure that the real emphasis is on how these activities can help the community to grow, develop, and transform.

.

Health: Health is an important issue for grassroots/PRIs level initiatives. Home hygiene, educational campaigns, and preventive measures against diseases are key areas of grassroots family welfare activity.  There is a need to integrate/ adopt modern medicine practices with traditional healing people can apply themselves and integrate into their daily lives. These efforts should strengthen a preventive approach to health care.

 

Safety:     It is well known fact that violence is often targeted towards women hence, the issue of safety plays an important role in women’s empowerment. There is a need to develop effective strategies including organizing women SHG/ samiti etc against all kinds of violence at grassroots level. However, incidents of violence against SC/ST women are continue to be reported in state like Madhya Pradesh and Orissa.  Therefore, feeling of being unsafe is major obstacles to the empowerment of women.  Not only this elected women are also unsafe while attending Panchayat meetings, therefore there is a need to ensure suitable mechanism enabling women to feel safe.
 

Governance: Institutional arrangements are often hostile to grassroots women’s participation.  There is a need to have proper institutional arrangement to make sure that grassroots woman’s views are heard and that they count equally.  Other conditions include creating support systems like childcare facilities, safe transportation, compensation for time invested, as well as personal support in the forms of community consultations and leadership coaching.

 

Atrocities:            Scheduled caste (SC) and scheduled tribe (ST) women members suffer from extreme social, educational and economic backwardness, arising out of the age-old practice of social exclusion, untouchability, landlessness and geographical isolation. Despite various provisions including 73rd & 74th Amendments made in the Constitution to safeguards members of SC and ST from exploitation, not much has changed. Yet, despite their constitutional rights, representatives of SC and ST community are often denied attendance to Gram Panchayat and Gram Sabha meetings because of caste based power dynamics, illiteracy, and dominance of upper castes. This has forced them to make compromises in their role as elected representatives of local bodies. A large number of men and women come from SC and ST communities in political spaces, and most of them are playing that role for the first time. There is thus an emerging and urgent need to enhance their leadership roles. “Strengthening SC and ST leadership especially women in Panchayats” required capacity building of SC and ST elected leaders. Also efforts should be made on two aspects; one is knowledge and skill enhancement of elected leaders so that they can perform their mandated role and another is strengthening their sense of identity.

 

 

VII. Promotion of Tribal Sports

 

During the period under report we have organized two days sports activities in the Mini Stadium, Laxmi Bai Nagar, New Delhi and winning team have been given Rs.1000/- each by the Ex- Chief Minister Jharkhand and Present Member of Parliament Lok Sabha Shri Arjun Munda at the venue of Karam Mahotsav celebration on 12th September, 2009. This occasion was attend by lots of dignitaries Prominent among them were Shri Jaul Oram Ex- Union Minister for Ministry of Tribal Affairs, Shri Rameshwar Oraon, Ex- Minister of State for Tribal Affairs, Shri Anand Sahu social Activists, Dr.D Mardi Social Activists, Dr Sona Jharia Ekka, Academicians (JNU), Dr. Rajeev Sethi , RTI Commissioner Government of Jhrakhand etc.

 

 

VIII.  Celebration of Indigenous Day

 

Every year on 9th August we celebrated International World Indigenous Day and this year also we had a very big gathering to celebrate this occasions. This occasion was celebrated at Ambikapur by holding of seminar and cultural programme

 

IX. Celebration of various tribal festivals:

As a regular programme, we  have  organized  Karam festival and  Sarhul festival and Indigenous Day  also  celebrate every year in New Delhi. Worth mentioning of this festival is  On 7th September 2008 to protect and preserve the rich culture and heritage of the tribal people. We have  celebrated  this festival   at any Stadium  or ground in  New Delhi. Every year around 25 to 30 thousand people have joyfully participated for the celebration. They were mainly from Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Orissa, Maharashtra and National Capital Region (NCR) of Delhi . The tribal traditional dress, Music song and dance added to the colors of the Festival.   

 

Ø            Sarhool

Ø            Karam

 

 

Ø            Christmas gathering

 

 

X. Financial support to old people: 

 

           

So far we  have supported 15 older tribal women who are more that 60+ age in the Kandri, Sahpur and kuntipara villages of Surguja district of Chhatisgarh. Similarly in the Kocha gain and Tabela Villeges of Gumal District of Jharkhand, Society had provided woolen clothes and saree for them. Not only this we have provided some use full items such as salt, hair oil,  soaps, biscuits, snacks and  second hand  clothes to the older people especially the tribal women in both the states of Chhatisgarh and Jharkhand.  Whatever small support was provided to the older people who were unable to meet their basic needs. This year we have decided to support these identified older women to support continuously till they survive.

 

  1. Shifting of Office from Dwarka  to Ayanagar

 

 After a long waiting ultimately we got the permanent office at Ayanagar, New Delhi-110047 and we have shifted our office from Dwarka. 

 

Administrative Matters (Income Tax and FCRA)

 

·     Organization was facing lots of problems with the donor individuals as generally they ask for income tax exemption whatever they donate to the STWFD. Organization has obtained registration under section 12 A and 80 G under the Income Tax Act, 1961 by putting lots of efforts during the period under report. 

·        We   are grateful to the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA) (Trust Fund), New York for setting up of the RRTC at Ayanagar, New Delhi

·        As the mama cash, Netherlands a women based funding agencies had given assurance to fund us for building leadership among single tribal women migrant and for receiving the funds prior permission as needed under the Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act, 1976 from the Ministry of Home Affairs Government of India. Application for the same has been made and after a long process the Ministry of Home Affairs gave prior approval.

Rescue Cum Rehabilitation and Training Center (RRTC)

Since STWFD office has been shifted to new address formally it was inaugurated. Simultaneously new center i.e. RRTC was also inaugurated by the member present.

 

  Among all the general issues, very specific agenda items were placed before the General Body. Following were the specific agenda:

 

1.     The services provided through RRTC and the improvements required for its     more effective work.

2.      To impart some sort of training to tribal women migrating from villages who are not much familiar with the household work and living habits of the people living in cities.

·  To guide the women for further studies who are literate to some extent.

·  To teach them few English words.

·  To include accommodation and daily meals facility with the training.

 

3.     The society has applied for funds from a funds donor agency MAMA CASH situated 
in Netherlands. If the possible financial support received the society could help the
 tribal women.

4.     Some of the executive members need to be changed who were not able to give 

     enough time to the society. (Chairperson and Member)

5.     Future programme of the Organization

 

 Enhancement of number of membership was discussed in detailed. After the detailed 
discussion, unanimously it was resolved that in coming year special contribution and 
donation would be taken up from the members and like-minded individuals. It was 
resolved that an amount of Rs. 600/- per annum would be the membership fees.

 

Specific agenda items were taken up one by one, first of all new center of RRTC was discussed. Many members have raised the issues of expenditure to be incurred on the tribal women and their staying place and cost. It was decided that at a time not more than 10 tribal women should be kept at the center. It was also decided that once in a week non-veg, would be provided to them. They will learn and cook food for themselves. Everyday they should start their life by getting from the bed at 5.30 a.m. and after getting ready sit for prayer and cook breakfast etc. 10.30 a.m.  Class would be imparted. 

 

 

RRTC so inaugurated was started in the month of January,2010. During this month …. Girls were rescued and extended training to them in various capacitating issues such as elder people care, proper cooking and language and also to recognize the number and simple Hindi English words and meaning etc. During the period under report 19 such Tribal girls were given training in the Centre.

 

 

 

  Time table for class was also discussed which as under;

Day

Subject

Time

Teacher 

Monday

  • Geriatric care

 

  • Baby sitting

 

 

10.30 a.m. to 1.30 p.m.

 

2.30 p.m. to 5.30 p.m.

Ms.Sneha Toppo

Ms.Navita Jyoti  Kujur

Ms.Rozina Baraik

Ms.Hiramani Kerketta

Tuesday

Cooking

 and House keeping

10.30 a.m. to 1.30 p.m

 

2.30 p.m. to 5.30 p.m.

Ms Sneha Toppo

Ms. Navita Jyoti Kujur

Ms Rozina Baraik

Ms Hiramani Kerketta

Wednesday

Art, Culture, language

 

Song and Dance

10.30 a.m. to 1.30 p.m

Break

2.30 p.m. to 5.30 p.m.

Ms Sneha Toppo

Ms. Navita Jyoti Kujur

Ms Rozina Baraik

Ms Hiramani Kerketta

Thursday

Basic English speaking, Numerical and Awareness of basic human rights.

 

10.30 a.m. to 1.30 p.m

Break

2.30 p.m. to 5.30 p.m.

Ms Sneha Toppo

Ms. Navita Jyoti Kujur

Ms Rozina Baraik

Ms Hiramani Kerketta

Friday

*Driving

 

By the  Driving training Centre

Saturday

Art, culture, song and dance and language

Cleaning and washing

Sunday

OFF

 

*Driving would be taught to those girls who have completed 10th and 12th

 

·         Funding from Mama Cash

 

Secretary has informed the participants that organization has applied for the funding from the mama cash a donor agency based at Netherlands. Programme would be to empower tribal women and make them leader to lead themselves. Response from the donor agency is positive and they have already transferred the fund of Euro 9000 to our bank. Not in the organizational bank account but in the bank. As this is a foreign grant, unless we have separate account and prior permission from the FCRA, Ministry of Home we can’t utilize the fund. In this context, she has informed the action taken to get the prior permission and opening of separate bank account (FCRA). The Members appreciated efforts made by the Secretary in this regard.

 

·              New Chairperson of the STWFD: - appointment of new chairperson was discussed in detail, it was well accepted by voice vote and clapping the hand.  As has been inform earlier, our Chairperson, Mrs Anesthesia Sigh has left the organization due to her ill health and personal reason and in place of her a new Chairperson has been appointed and her name is Ms Shusma Tirkey. Thumping majority by voice vote approved her name for Chairperson of the organization. 

                  

·        Appointment of New Member:

 

The members present in the meeting considered two new members Mrs Hiramani Kerketta and Ms Neetu Tirkey name as some of the members are showing their inability to participate in the day-to-day activities of the organization due to personal reasons.

 

·        Future Programme of the Organization:

 

 Various proposed future programme of the organization were discussed in detailed such as (1) Explore to possibility to tap the resource available under UN Trut Fund for Slavery (ii) Commonwealth Foundation (iii) Global Fund For Women (iv) ILO (v) EC India (vi) United Nations Democracy Fund (vii) Ministry of Women and Child Development (Research) (viii) National Commission for Women (Research) (x) Planning Commission (Research) and (xi) Other central Ministries/ Departments and funding agencies of national level or Grantee NGOs from abroad. It was also emphasized that left over grant from the Ministries of Tribal Affairs need to be secured before the end of the financial year 2009-10

 

While concluding the meeting Secretary requested the entire participants to join in the dinner arranged by the Organization.

 

Meeting ended with the vote of thanks to the Chair

 

 

Celebration of Karam Festival, 2009:

Some of the photographs are as under:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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